Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means to lose renal function gradually. Early detection of CKD slows down the progression of CKD, thus having a longer life expectancy. On the contrary, once CKD develops into end-stage renal disease, a kidney transplant or dialysis will be necessary to remain alive.   

Causes of CKD

  • 1. Diabetes,such as diabetic nephropathy
  • 2. High blood pressure,such as hypertensive nephropathy
  • 3. Glomerulonephritis, such as nephritis
  • 4. Immune disorders, such as lupus nephritis
  • 5. Genetic disease,such as Polycystic kidney Disease


    CKD is a chronic disease without characteristic symptoms in the early period. However, as CKD develops, the symptoms are various.  
    • 1. Proteinuria (protein in the urine).
    • 2. Edema
    • 3. Tea-colored urine
    • 4. High blood pressure
    • 5. Anemia
    • 6. Blood in the urine
    • 7. Increased nocturia
      As CKD is a syndrome with different causes, the symptoms may affect different systems such as the digestive system, nervous system, blood system, hemopoietic system, respiratory system, or cause skin problems.   

    Who are at risk?

    • Diabetics
    • Hypertensive sufferers
    • Heart disease sufferers
    • People who are over 60 years old
    • Native Americans

    Tests for CKD

    • Urine test
    • Blood test
    • Creatinine test
    • BUN test
    • Hemoglobin test
    • MRI or Ultrasound
       For more information, or to speak to a Kidney Professional, please call United Dialysis Center at (754) 307-1536!