Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means to lose renal function gradually. Early detection of CKD slows down the progression of CKD, thus having a longer life expectancy. On the contrary, once CKD develops into end-stage renal disease, a kidney transplant or dialysis will be necessary to remain alive.
1. Diabetes,such as diabetic nephropathy
2. High blood pressure,such as hypertensive nephropathy
3. Glomerulonephritis, such as nephritis
4. Immune disorders, such as lupus nephritis
5. Genetic disease,such as Polycystic kidney Disease
Causes of CKD
SymptomsCKD is a chronic disease without characteristic symptoms in the early period. However, as CKD develops, the symptoms are various.
- 1. Proteinuria (protein in the urine).
- 2. Edema
- 3. Tea-colored urine
- 4. High blood pressure
- 5. Anemia
- 6. Blood in the urine
- 7. Increased nocturia
Who are at risk?
- Hypertensive sufferers
- Heart disease sufferers
- People who are over 60 years old
- Native Americans
Tests for CKD
- Urine test
- Blood test
- Creatinine test
- BUN test
- Hemoglobin test
- MRI or Ultrasound